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Reference List

Custance et al. (2014) Language and Literacy Levels across the Australian Curriculum: EALD Students. Adelaide, South Australia: Department for Education and Child Development.

Mincham L (1991) ‘Assessing the English Language Needs of ESL Students’. In C Bouffler (ed.) Literacy Evaluation: Issues and Practicalities. Newtown, New South Wales: Primary English Teaching Association.

Polias J (2003) ESL Scope and Scales. Adelaide, South Australia: DECS Publishing.

Polias J (2021) Language and Learning Development Continuum. Adelaide: Lexis Education. Available to download at

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